Fact File about the Amazon
Length: The Amazon River is 6280km long.
Source: Calillona, Peru.The Mouth(Delta) is located
in North Eastern Brazil.
The Amazon River is the world's second longest river. Only the Nile,
in Africa, is longer. The Amazon however, at any one point in time has
the highest amount of water flowing down it. No other river even comes
close. It may not be the longest, but it is the widest.
The Amazon produces approximately 20 percent of all the water that the
world's rivers pour into the oceans on its own.
The Amazon collects water from just over 40 percent of South America's
Landmass, through the thousands of tributaries that join the main branch
of the Amazon river. Of these tributaries, 17 are over 1600(1000 miles)
From Iquitos in Peru all the way across Brazil to the Atlantic, the Amazon
is between six and ten kilometres wide. The maps
page has a picture that shows this effect quite well.
The Amazon is even wider when it is flooded in the wet season.
The first European found the amazon because he was 200 miles out
to sea and noticed that he was sailing in fresh water. He turned
toward shore and found the amazon river. Ships still today anchor
in the outflow of the Amazon, to remove the marine life(barnacles)
attached to their hulls (salt water organisms can't live in fresh
flood season, the Amazon widens to cover its banks and the islands
in the middle of the river The sediment left by the floods enriches
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